Aluminum Sulfate is used in water purification and as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
In water purification, it causes impurities to coagulate which are removed as the particulate settles to the bottom of the container or more easily filtered.
When dissolved in a large amount of neutral or slightly-alkaline water,
aluminum sulfate produces a gelatinous precipitate of aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3.
In dyeing and printing cloth,
the gelatinous precipitate helps the dye adhere to the clothing fibers by rendering the pigment insoluble.
Aluminum sulfate is sometimes used to reduce the pH of garden soil, as it hydrolyzes to form the aluminum hydroxide precipitate and a dilute sulfuric acid solution.
In construction industry it is used as waterproofing agent and accelerator in concrete. Another use is a foaming agent in fire fighting foam.
Sodium silicate is a white solid that is readily soluble in water, producing an alkaline solution.
It is one of a number of related compounds which include sodium orthosilicate, Na4SiO4; sodium pyrosilicate, Na6Si2O7, and others.
All are glassy, colorless and dissolve in water.
Sodium silicate is stable in neutral and alkaline solutions. In acidic solutions,
the silicate ion reacts with hydrogen ions to form silicic acid, which when heated and roasted forms silica gel, a hard, glassy substance.
It is used in metal repair, as applications involving cementing objects exposed to heat or fire.
It is also widely used in food preservation, to treat timber and preserve wood from insects and possesses some flame-retardant properties.
It’s uses in the treatment of concrete to reduce porosity and permanently binds the silicates with the surface making them far more wearable and water repellent.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. It is used in the form of a gas or liquid.
Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers.
The common uses are in fertilizers, cleaners, refrigerants, treatment and pre-washing of wool.Ammonia is available as Anhydrous Ammonia, Aqueous Ammonia 27% and Aqueous Ammonia 25%.
Approximately fifteen percent of soda ash production is used by the industry.
Soda ash is an acknowledged source of sodium ions in the production of sodium phosphates, sodium silicates, chrome chemicals and photographic chemicals.
It is also used in the production of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), which is an essential ingredient in the beverage, coatings, detergents, food, dialysis, and personal care markets.
For many of these applications, soda ash is interchangeable with caustic soda while also delivering a cost advantage.
Soda ash offers a functional substitute for caustic soda in applications that include:
pH adjustment/acid neutralization
Manufacturing of sodium chemicals including sodium phosphates, sodium sulfate, sodium sulfite, sodium acetate, sodium nitrite and sodium citrate
Flue gas desulfurization
ACID ACTIVATED BLEACHING EARTH
Activated bleaching earth (ABE) is a sub-white powder which is insoluble in water, oil or organic solvent.
It has strong properties as cation exchange capacity, selective adsorption, hydrophilic property, surface activity and catalysis.
Activated bleaching earth (ABE) can adsorb and eliminate mineral materials as pitch, neutral colloid,
sulfide and olefinenaphthenic acid in lubrication to improve the durability and photo-stability of the lubricant and to increase
the ability of corrosiveness-resisting, and can also absorb and eliminate
the pigment, aflatoxin and the carcinogenic substance of 3-4 benzpyrene in vegetable oil, in addition, it has strong ability of oil decolorization, high speed of filtering oil and low oil retention of filter cake.
It's widely used in the absorption and refinement of lubricant, paraffin wax, and vaseline, the decolorization of animal and vegetable oil,
and the purification of honey, wax and glycerine.
Potassium silicate is a water-soluble and glass-forming silicate salt that is commonly used as an adhesive in welding rods. Formula is K2SiO3.
In horticulture, potassium silicate is used as a soluble source of potassium and silicon. It also makes the growing medium more alkaline.
Some cleaning formulations use potassium silicate, which also serves as a corrosion inhibitor in cosmetics.
Sulfuric acid, H2SO4, is a viscous (thick and syrupy), oily liquid which has for years
been the most widely used chemical in the world. It is used in the production of fertilizers
and as an industrial catalyst (a substance which speeds up chemical reactions).
One of the major uses of sulfuric acid is in the production of fertilizers, car batteries,
and as a dehydrating agent (a substance that removes water from other substances).
Sulfuric acid is an extremely effective dehydrating agent.